Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease the consequence of parasite. Malaria symptoms include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) as a result of loss of red blood cells. Infection with one type of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, if not promptly treated, may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.
Each year 350 to 500 million cases of malaria occur world-wide, and over a million people die, most of them young kids.
The Anopheles Malaria Mosquito. Where malaria disease can be found depends mainly on climatic factors such as temperature, humidity, and rainfall. The primary areas where malaria disease is located are; Africa, Madagascar, India and South America. Malaria is transmitted in tropical and subtropical areas, in which the host mosquito, of the genus Anopheles, has the capacity to survive and multiply. There are approximately 430 Anopheles mosquito species, only 30 to 40 which transmit the malaria parasite.
Only in areas where the malaria parasites can complete its growth cycle within the mosquitoes can humans be infected. There are four species of malaria parasite that can infect humans they may be; Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. Time needed for development of the parasite within the mosquito (the extrinsic incubation period) ranges from 10 to 21 days, depending on the parasite species and the temperature.
Spider poison a scientific breakthrough to fight malaria – Scientists through the University of Maryland have tested a drug from spider poison, a scientific breakthrough that could end the international combat malaria.
Scientists have even reached the spider’s poison that can kill malaria-carrying mosquitoes, when fungi come into connection with insect blood, in a scientific step that may fight other mosquito-borne diseases, such hlomqc dengue fever and zika.
Scientists feel that utilizing the same technology one day can fight a number of other mosquito-borne diseases, including zika and dengue fever.
By making use of fungus along with traditional insecticides, scientists believe they can prevent mosquitoes from developing resistance. The identical technology can be used once to fight other mosquito-borne diseases, like zika and dengue fever.